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Lesson Two.  10 vocabulary items, plus many combinations.
 Diagram of tongue positions for difficult sounds
The sound "ri," is used in this lesson. 

"Zhi," "chi," "shi," and "ri" do not occur in English. These sounds are made by curling the tongue back to the region behind the end of the ridge that runs down the top of the mouth.  They sound approximately like "jr," "chr," "shr," and "r." (The "i" in each of them is a rather meaningless placeholder.)  "Ri" is more difficult to produce than the first three in this series. You will need to practice making a sound such as "shr" and then interrupting production of the sound for a split second and resuming with just the trailing "r" of "shr."  Do not pronounce "ri" as "reee." The "r" itself is a vowel.

Download the following two files, and open both of them at the same time. This lesson has 125 steps. If a step has a blank to fill in, write your answer down on a piece of scrap paper, and then click on the number after the arrow to see whether your answer was correct. If your answer was wrong, try again. If it was right, use the arrow key to go to the next page. Open both of the following PDF documents on your desktop so that you can refer to the pronunciation guide whenever it is needed.

Chinese Direct Lesson 2

FSICp 02 Vocabulary pronunciation file.

This lesson contains some kinship terms. For the terms used to address grandparents and siblings in the family, see Kinship Terms.